Hemorrhoids Laser Treatment and Sclerotherapy
An Overview of Hemorrhoids Laser Treatment and Sclerotherapy
Hemorrhoids laser treatment is used mainly in severe hemorrhoids, when other therapies – such as herbal remedies or home treatments – bring no result. Also, hemorrhoids laser surgery is recommended in patients with several recurrences of hemorrhoids, as this method is more precise and accurate than other similar techniques, such as sclerotherapy or rubber band ligation.
Hemorrhoids Laser Surgery
Hemorrhoids laser treatment is applied on large hemorrhoids, responsible of severe pain, irritation and discomfort. The method itself is relatively simple: a laser beam with a specific diameter and direction is directed at the hemorrhoid, causing the swollen vein and also the nerves surrounding it to be sealed off. Once the nerve endings found inside the anal canal are closed, the sufferer experiences less pain and the symptoms of hemorrhoids are reduced.
Unlike other surgical methods, this treatment for hemorrhoids has the major benefit of a very little down time – in most of the cases, the patient can resume daily activities and routines within one or two days. This is possible because the tissue surrounding the pile is not harmed like in hemorrhoidectomy for example, and the swelling, bleeding and pain are significantly reduced. Another advantage of hemorrhoid laser surgery is that is leaves no scars or marks on the patient’s body.
Although the method is supposed to be free of any risks, there were rare cases of complications. Some of the possible post-surgical problems include:
- mild post operative numbness in the anal region
- pulling sensation
- infections, although extremely rare
Unfortunately, laser equipment is pretty expensive and there are lots of patients that don’t afford this treatment. Also, protective tools need to be used during the procedure and there’s an increased risk of fire during operation.
As for sclerotherapy, the method is more invasive than hemorrhoids laser treatment, as it involves injecting an oily solution in the affected blood vessel, making it shrink and fall off within few days. This procedure is used mainly for first and second degree hemorrhoids and allows treating multiple piles at once.
The sclerosing or hardening agent (called sclerosant) is usually a chemical (phenol in almond oil) or saline solution, meant to cause a long-standing inflammation reaction which causes the pile to shrivel. The walls of the treated blood vessel collapse, so no more blood can pass through the affected vein. Sclerotherapy is less expensive than laser treatment, works fast and brings long lasting results – the patient shouldn’t experience hemorrhoids symptoms for at least 12 months after this operation is done. Also, the method can be used for elderly sufferers with no risk for their fragile veins.
Obviously, this treatment alternative has its disadvantages:
First of all, a large incidence of failure in case of advanced piles. This means that a patient with grade 3 or 4 hemorrhoids shouldn’t rely on this treatment, as the chemical agent used to harden the hemorrhoid has poor results on larger swollen veins.
Unfortunately, in lots of patients the healing is only temporary and piles come back after a year or more.
Read more about the available invasive and minimally invasive hemorrhoid surgery procedures:
This surgical hemorrhoid treatment option – also referred to as hemorrhoidectomy – is usually recommended when hemorrhoids and the symptoms associated with this painful condition continue to persist. However, more often than not cases of hemorrhoids do not require surgical removal, as they retract by themselves if effectively managed with a proven natural treatment strategy. [...read more]
Rubber band ligation is the most effective minimally invasive procedure for reducing hemorrhoids symptoms and their removal. This approach is performed to eliminate existing painful hemorrhoids, associated with persistent bleeding that usually contain blood clots. Although this procedure will rapidly and effectively remove hemorrhoids, it can cause pain and discomfort in the first few days after it is performed. [...read more]
Infrared coagulation or infrared photocoagulation is a minimally invasive, non-surgical procedure used to remove internal hemorrhoids. The method is quite similar to sclerotherapy and rubber band ligation, as all these three techniques are based on the same principle. [...read more]