Infrared coagulation or infrared photocoagulation is a minimally invasive, non-surgical procedure used to remove internal hemorrhoids.
The method is quite similar to sclerotherapy and rubber band ligation, as all these three techniques are based on the same principle. Infrared coagulation of hemorrhoids acts by obstructing the blood-flow to the swollen anal vessels and without any blood supply, the hemorrhoid shrinks and falls off by itself in only few days after the procedure is performed.
Unlike hemorrhoidectomy or other surgical techniques, this particular method doesn’t rely on cutting off the tissues in the affected area, neither does it rely on small incisions in order to extract the affected blood vessels through them. While hemorrhoid surgery may be the best choice for patients with prolapsed or external hemorrhoids, the non-invasive technique of infrared coagulation is certainly one of the most recommended methods for removing external hemorrhoids. Besides eliminating the painfully swollen anal veins, infrared coagulation is also very efficient in reducing the symptoms of hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoids infrared coagulation has fewer side effects and associated risk compared to other surgical techniques, so it can be undertaken at the doctor’s office on a daily basis. The recovery period is quite short and there is virtually no post-procedure discomfort. Also, this treatment alternative does not require anesthesia, because the patient doesn’t experience any pain during the procedure. The only unusual sensation during this hemorrhoid treatment method is a momentary sensation of heat, rarely reported as uncomfortable or unpleasant.
Infrared coagulation of hemorrhoids is usually done for small to medium internal hemorrhoids, when other conventional hemorrhoid treatment forms bring no result. The success rate is very high, but the patient needs to make some lifestyle changes, concerning his/her diet, exercising program and daily activities. It’s important to know that bleeding and pain can occur for about 7 to 10 days following the procedure. In this case, the patient can use analgesics to reduce any discomfort and also natural stool softeners, for easier bowel movements. Incorporating natural hemorrhoid treatment strategies into your lifestyle changes can ultimately eliminate the recurrence of this condition.
How is infrared coagulation performed?
As for the procedure, it involves inserting a small probe into the anus, which emits a burst of infrared light when in contact with the swollen blood vessel. This lasts for 1 to 2 seconds and causes the coagulation of the affected vein, which no longer receives blood. After few days the hemorrhoid falls off. However, in case of multiple, smaller hemorrhoids, infrared photocoagulation must be repeated every two weeks, as the doctor is allowed to treat only one affected vessel per session.
Just like other hemorrhoid surgery alternatives, infrared coagulation has some disadvantages, mainly concerning the price of the therapy. The tools used to coagulate affected veins are expensive and so the treatment carries a high cost. The fact that for successful results, more than one visits to the doctor’s office is required and can be disturbing for some patients. This procedure is not recommended and cannot be applied to treat third or fourth degree internal hemorrhoids, neither to treat external hemorrhoids. As with any other surgical treatment, this one also carries a slight risk of infection and shock, but the reported cases are very rare, so no complication should occur if the doctor and the patient are careful enough.
Read more abot the different types of available hemorrhoid surgery treatment methods:
While infrared coagulation – photocoagulation – uses an infrared light to stop the blood supply to the affected vessels, sclerotherapy consists of injecting a solution which makes the affected blood vessel shrink within a few days. With regards to banding hemorrhoids, the results are usually better and the recurrence rate is lower compared to other non-invasive techniques. [...read more]
Hemorrhoids laser treatment is used mainly in severe hemorrhoids, when other therapies – such as herbal remedies or home treatments – bring no result. Also, hemorrhoids laser surgery is recommended in patients with several recurrences of hemorrhoids, as this method is more precise and accurate than other similar techniques, such as sclerotherapy or rubber band ligation. [...read more]
This surgical hemorrhoid treatment option – also referred to as hemorrhoidectomy – is usually recommended when hemorrhoids and the symptoms associated with this painful condition continue to persist. However, more often than not cases of hemorrhoids do not require surgical removal, as they retract by themselves if effectively managed with a proven natural treatment strategy. [...read more]