Hemorrhoid surgery is an invasive hemorrhoid removal treatment procedure, performed in patients with grade three or four hemorrhoids in order to remove internal swollen blood vessels.
This surgical hemorrhoid treatment option – also referred to as hemorrhoidectomy – is usually recommended when hemorrhoids and the symptoms associated with this painful condition continue to persist. However, more often than not cases of hemorrhoids do not require surgical removal, as they retract by themselves if effectively managed with a proven natural treatment strategy.
Sometimes hemorrhoids surgery becomes the only treatment option, especially when the anal blood vessels are severely swollen, cause intense pain and these hemorrhoids symptoms end up detrimentally impacting on a patient’s life. Hemorrhoid surgery may also be undertaken in cases of medical emergency induced by bleeding or infected hemorrhoids leading to severe rectal pain. Although external hemorrhoids aren’t usually treated using this type of invasive method, hemorrhoidectomy can also be performed for very large and disturbing external hemorrhoids.
For hemorrhoid removal there are three main forms of surgical procedures, as listed below:
Each of these have specific requirements and involve different steps in patient preparation. Being minimally invasive, these methods are less painful for the sufferer and have the major advantage of a shorter recovery period. All these three hemorrhoid treatment surgery options use modern techniques, reducing the risks associated with traditional surgical removal and minimizing the patient’s discomfort during and after the procedure.
Hemorrhoidectomy can be performed under general, local or spinal anesthesia, depending on the patient’s general health and the extent of surgery. In all these cases, the patient lies on the operating table with their face down and the buttocks elevated, so that the rectal area is exposed. The affected region is cleaned with an antiseptic solution, usually a povidone-iodine solution. Following this radial incisions are made around the anus in order to create easy access to the swollen veins. The next step is to clamp the base of the hemorrhoidal vein with specific surgical instruments, then the hemorrhoid is excised with scissors and the wound is closed with subcutaneous, resorbable sutures, in order to avoid future complications. Finally, a topical antibiotic ointment will be applied to the surgical site in order to avoid an infection.
Hemorrhoid surgery, as mentioned before, is meant to provide relief from itching, pain and bleeding and although most of the time the procedure is successful, immediately after the surgical removal of the hemorrhoids the patient may feel the anal area is painful and sensitive for a few days. The procedure itself is relatively simple and the duration of surgery is usually between 60 and 90 minutes.
Even though surgery can be an effective method in treating the symptoms of hemorrhoids it cannot guarantee that recurrences are eliminated. Indeed this will only be possible, when the underlying causes are addressed.
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